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The Story of Philosophy Mobi Í 704 pages Download ¶ Will durant

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The Story of PhilosophyIp Durant’s insight and wit never cease to dazzle; The Story of Philosophy is a key book for any reader who wishes to survey the history and development of philosophical ideas in the Western worl “The Story of Philosophy” by Will Durant is an excellent book which discusses the lives and works of famous philosophers from ancient Greek to recent Continental and American Philosophers It is well known that Philosophy books even the expository ones tend to be obscure and it seems compulsory for every student of Philosophy to inch her way through the difficult and often obfuscated text Many just flee because they come for some consolations and are simply not interested and prepared to dive into this mess only to get confusedThe importance of this present book lies precisely here Will Durant was brave enough to do a thorough reading of the canonical texts of Western Philosophy and present us lucid and in no sense diluted account of the major points of each system And his achievement in accomplishing this end is stellar In a very clear prose that scintillates with his wit he passionately painted the lives and times of the prominent Philosophers my personal favourite among them are those about Spinoza and Kant their main contributions and also provided critiue of their opinions So I must say that this is an indispensable book for the beginners of Philosophical readingsHaving said that some points in my opinion are worth mentioning First of all the author is passionate and has strong opinions; make no mistake about it I am not saying that it affected the whole of the book negatively but nonetheless it is present Then the author didn’t even mention Oriental Philosophers in a book titled as “The Story of Philosophy” There is for sure difference between “Darshan” and philosophy but that does not justify this omission It seems “The Story of Western Philosophy” would be a appropriate tile Also I don’t know why he always associated pessimism with Eastern thinking; this at places becomes uite unintelligible In spite of these deficiencies I would heartily recommend this book My only suggestion is don’t make this “ the book” on Philosophy

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The Story of Philosophy Mobi Í 704 pages Download ¶ Will durant ë [Reading] ➬ The Story of Philosophy ➳ Will Durant – A brilliant and concise account of the lives and ideas of the great philosophers—Plato Aristotle Bacon Spinoza Voltaire Kant Schopenhauer SpeA brilliant and concise account of the lives and ideas of the great philosophers Plato Aristotle Bacon Spinoza Voltaire Kant Schopenhauer Spencer Nietzsche Bergson Croce Russell Santayana James and The Story of Philosophy Will Durant The Story of Philosophy The Lives and Opinions of the Greater Philosophers is a 1926 book by Will Durant in which he profiles several prominent Western philosophers and their ideas beginning with Socrates and Plato and on through Friedrich Nietzsche Durant attempts to show the interconnection of their ideas and how one philosopher's ideas informed the nextتاریخ نخستین خوانش روز نخست نوامبر سال 1986 میلادیعنوان تاریخ فلسفه؛ گردآوری ویل دورانت؛ مترجم عباس زریاب خویی؛ چاپ نخست 1336؛ در 426 صاین کتاب «داستان فلسفه»، در کشور ما با عنوان «تاریخ فلسفه» بسیار چاپ شده است کتاب شامل یازده فصل است، فصل نخست «افلاطون به علاوه قسمتی در مورد سقراط»؛ فصل دوم «ارسطو»؛ فصل سوم «بیکن»؛ فصل چهارم «اسپینوزا»؛ فصل پنجم «ولتر به علاوه قسمتی در مورد روسو»؛ فصل ششم «کانت به علاوه قسمتی در مورد هگل»؛ فصل هفتم «شوپنهاور»؛ فصل هشتم «اسپنسر»؛ فصل نهم «نیچه»؛ فصل دهم «برگسون، کروچه و راسل»؛ فصل یازدهم «سانتایانا، جیمز و دیویی»؛ ا شربیانی

Will Durant ´ The Story of Philosophy Text

Dewey The Story of Philosophy is one of the great books of our time Few write for the non specialist as well as Will Durant and this book is a splendid example of his eminently readable scholarsh The Story tried to salt itself with a seasoning of humor not only because wisdom is not wise if it scares away merriment but because a sense of humor being born of perspective bears a near kinship to philosophy; each is the soul of the otherA while ago as I began to set about learning philosophy I bought a used copy of this book but I never got around to reading it The book sat unread on my shelves for a few years its yellowed pages only growing yellow and its already cracked and broken spine castigating me from my bookshelf every time I passed by About four or five months ago I finally decided to get down to it; but I uickly lost interest Every time I put the book down I waited a long time before picking it up again; and it was only when I downloaded an audiobook last month that I was able to finish Durant’s popular history of philosophy This difficulty in finishing is the clearest indication of how I felt about it I was unimpressed Though by no means a bad book and one with many good ualities I can’t say I would recommend this book to anyone for I believe Durant does an injustice to his topic Simply put this is both a poor history of philosophy and a poor introduction to it The book fails to convey adeuately what philosophy is what philosophers do and how philosophy developed There is little of intellectual or academic interest in these pages and despite its elouence I often managed to find it uite dull The trouble comes early on when Durant makes this announcementThe author believes that epistemology has kidnapped modern philosophy and well nigh ruined it; he hopes for the time when the study of the knowledge process will be recognized as the business of psychology and when philosophy will again be understood as the synthetic interpretation of all experience rather than the analytic description of the mode and process of experience itselfThe absurdity of the above paragraph is obvious to anyone who has read a fair share of philosophy Writing a history of philosophy while omitting epistemology is like writing a history of chemistry while refusing to talk about chemical bonds Epistemology is a central part of philosophy and besides a central concern of the greatest modern philosophers; so any treatment of the subject lacking epistemology is doomed to miss the markBesides this I would also like to point out that the above uote reveals an intellectual weakness as well How could epistemology be the subject of psychology a science? Epistemology asks “What is knowledge?” This is clearly not a subject that can be investigated empirically or decided scientifically for scientific investigation already presupposes that knowledge is empirical in nature So already Durant is showing himself to be a poor philosopher as well as a poor historian When we get into the thick of Durant’s book we encounter an even general problem Durant’s modus operandi throughout this work is to treat the ideas of philosophers as byproducts of their experiences and their personalities Not only does this often leads him into cheap psychoanalyzing such as speculating about how Nietzsche’s father and mother influenced his outlook as well as broad and often ridiculous generalizations about peoples and places the Germans do this the Jews do that but damningly turns systems of philosophy into mere uirks of personality and whims of fancy In this book philosophers are artists not thinkers Although Durant would have you believe that this is the wise and cosmopolitan perspective on the matter this fails completely to do justice to these men Philosophy is among other things the art of argumentation Philosophers—good philosophers at least—are extremely focused on the logical reasons for their beliefs This is embodied in that great creation myth of Western philosophy Plato’s tales of Socrates wherein that old sage wanders from citizen to citizen perpetually demanding to know the reasons why they believe what they do Plato’s Socrates is always asking What do you mean by this word? And why do you mean it that way? The final goal of the philosopher is to harbor no dogmatic opinions—and by dogmatic I mean opinions that are accepted without scrutiny—but rather to probe and investigate every assumption idea and goal in life Durant’s treatment of philosophers does exactly the opposite In Durant’s hands philosophers are mere pundits who spout theories left and right without taking the time to justify them Durant’s chapters on their ideas are mere liturgies of opinions; and the final impression is that philosophy is just the art of having pompous and high sounding views about grandiose subjects It is absolutely worthless to know that Plato believed in a world of ideal forms without knowing why he did so; and the same goes for every other philosopher’s view This emphasis on reason and argument is what separates philosophy from philosophizing; but you will find almost exclusively the latter in this book I would be being unfair if I didn’t acknowledge that many of this book’s faults are due to its genesis This book was originally published as a series of pamphlets for the Blue Book series which were inexpensive paperbacks for worker education This origin largely explains why this book contains such a huge chronological leap from Aristotle all the way to Francis Bacon and also why Durant continually emphasizes the practical over the theoretical the biographical over the intellectualLess excusable perhaps was Durant’s choice to write a chapter on Voltaire who wasn’t even a philosopher and Herbert Spencer who was obsolecent even back when this book was written Much better would have been a chapter on John Locke who formulated many of the ideas later endorsed by Voltaire and John Stuart Mill a contemporary of Herbert Spencer who has had a much lasting effect on the subseuent history of philosophy While I’m at it I think a chapter on Descartes would have been much better than a chapter on Francis Bacon who is a fairly minor figure in the history of philosophy for Descartes was also a pioneer of science as well as a great mathematician not to mention the father of modern philosophy For these reason I would much highly recommend Russell’s History of Western Philosophy over this book as Russell being himself a philosopher at least does his best to reconstruct the reasons for other philosophers’ views even if Russell sometimes falls short in this task I also want to note in passing that Durant considers Russell’s early work in logic and mathematics to be pure hogwash whereas most philosophers today consider that to be Russell’s most enduring work The only place that Durant surpasses Russell is in his chapter on Kant which I think is a truly excellent piece of work and a good place to start for any students seeking to understand that obscure German metaphysician Other than this brief flash of sunlight the rest of this book is nothing but passing storm clouds rumbling ominously constantly threatening to rain and yet passing overhead with nary a drop leaving us as parched as they found us